1. PhD Students will acquire the necessary Learning Credits (LC) through Courses (both dedicated and not dedicated to PhD) and Schools (e.g. Summer Schools,…). No LCs will be acquired on the basis of days spent working abroad and joining conferences as these are not considered as learning activities by the PhD Teaching Board. No LCs will be achieved through activities where the PhD Student acts as a lecturer and nLCs achieved for Courses followed before the beginning of the PhD. 
  2. LCs acquired by Courses and Schools will be assigned both depending on the duration of the lectures and on the presence of a final exam as follows: 
    1. Courses of a Laurea Degree Course (both “triennale” and “magistrale”) keep the credits assigned for the Laurea Degree. 
    2. PhD dedicated Courses, even offered by other PhDs or achieved online through, for example, Coursera or other e-learning environments: 1 LC corresponds roughly to 5 course hours, only when the Course implies a final exam and provides an official certification that the exam has been positively passed. No LCs can be achieved in other cases. 
    3. PhD. Schools: 1 LC corresponds roughly to 5 course hours. LCs assignement is performed only in presence of a final exam and of an official certification about the exam. 
    4. If Courses/Schools do not have final exams, no credits are assigned. If PhD Students want to acquire credits through these “no final exam” Courses/Schools, they will be requested to provide a public presentation/seminar about Course/School topics and LCs will be assigned consequently by the Teaching Board following the rule that 1 LC corresponds roughly to 5 course hours. In practice, the public presentation/seminar is the exam. No LCs are assigned if no exam and no presentation/seminar is provided: simply attending a School/Course does not assure any LCs. 
  3. Each PhD Student has to acquire at least 30 CFUs in the first 2 years of the PhD; last PhD year is dedicated only to research activities; LCs acquired during the last PhD year may be justified only exceptionally. 
  4. Not mandatorily, a Research Advisor may be established for each PhD Student, both for didactic and scientific reasons. Concerning didactics, the Research Advisor should act together with the Tutor of the PhD Student with the aim of defining the PhD Student learning plan of each year (essentially courses and schools to be followed). 
  5. Each PhD Student will present his/her learning plan (courses and schools to be followed) during each year to the PhD Coordinator for approval after agreement with his/her Tutor. The plan may be updated during the year. The coordinator will send all the information he knows concerning Courses and Schools of possible interest.